Washington is a town in the county of Tyne and Wear in northeast England. It is located about ten miles west of the city of Sunderland and 5 miles (8 km) south of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and is a part of the Sunderland metropolitan borough. In 1991 Washington had a population of 55,800.
Washington was founded in the 12th century by the ancestors of George Washington the first President of the United States, between 1113 and 1613 his ancestors inhabited Washington Old Hall, a local mansion. Washington was designated a new town in 1964 and expanded dramatically to house overspill population from surrounding cities.
Washington's main industries include textiles, electronics, car assembly, chemicals and electrical goods.
The Beamish Open-Air Museum is located nearby, as is the WWT Washington nature reserve.