Decades: 1790s 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s
Years: 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 - 1849 - 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854
January 23 - Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her MD by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, thus becoming the United States' first woman doctor.
January 31 - Corn Laws abolished in the United Kingdom
February 14 - In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
February 28 - Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay. The California left New York Harbor on October 6, 1848, rounded Cape Horn at the tip of South America, and arrived at San Francisco, California after the 4 month 21 day journey.
March 3 - Minnesota becomes a United States territory.
March 3 - The United States Department of the Interior is established.
March 3 - The United States Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.
March 29 - The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab
June 5 - Denmark becomes constitutional monarchy
November 16 - A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group, but his execution is canceled at the last minute.
Joseph Fry makes the first chocolate bar
Zachary Taylor succeeds James Knox Polk as President of the United States of America (with David Rice Atchison serving for a single day between the two as Taylor refused to be sworn in on the Sabbath)
Year in topic
1849 in literature
David Copperfield - Charles Dickens
January 22 - August Strindberg, Swedish author, playwright and painter.
February 22 - Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, mathematician
March 2 - Robert Means Thompson, naval officer (+ 1930)
March 7 - Luther Burbank, biologist, botanist
March 19 - Alfred von Tirpitz, German soldier (+ 1930)
December 4 - Crazy Horse, later Chief of the Oglala Sioux.
Emma Abbott, american opera singer
John William Waterhouse, Artist
March 14- Willem II, king of the Netherlands (1840-1849)
May 28 - Anne Bronte, author
September 25 - Johann Strauss I, Austrian composer
October 7 - Edgar Allan Poe, writer
December 2 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen - queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom\n