Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Decades: 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC - 350s BC - 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC
361 BC 360 BC 359 BC 358 BC 357 BC 356 BC 355 BC 354 BC 353 BC 352 BC 351 BC
- Born in late July: Alexander the Great, later King of Macedonia
- Seleucus I Nicator, later Satrap and then King of Babylon. (approximate date).
- A praetor is chosen in Rome for the first time
- Late July: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is destroyed by fire (according to Plutarch, the same day as Alexander the Great was born; cf. Dubious historical resources).