Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC
Decades: 620s BC - 610s BC - 600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC
Events and Trends
- 589 BC - Apries succeeds Psamtek II as king of Egypt
- 586 BC - Kingdom of Judah comes to an end as Babylonians siege and conquer the land, destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and exile the land's remaining inhabitants.
- 586 BC - Death of Zhou ding wang, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 585 BC May 28 - A solar eclipse occurred, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares. This event led to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
- 585 BC - Zhou jian wang becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 580 BC - Cambyses I becomes King of Anshan and head of the Achaemenid dynasty (approximate date).
- Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylon
- 585 BC - Birth of Anaximenes of Miletus, Greek philosopher († 525 BC).
- 582 BC - Birth of Pythagoras in Samos, Greek philosopher and mathematician († 496 BC).
- 580 BC - Death of Cyrus I of Anshan (approximate date).