Bulgars (also Bolgars) a people of Central Asia, probably originally Pamirian, whose branches became slavicized and perhaps Turkic over time. The Turkic etymology most often given for their name is "Bulgha" meaning mixed, though it might also be from Varkun.
Eastern Bulgars (sometimes Bolgari) remained a powerful force in the Volga region, eventually merging with local Tatar peoples. The Chuvash and Balkar languages are thought to be descendants of old Bulgar language.
Entries in the List of Bulgarian monarchs trace Bulgar history in more detail.
Tribes thought to have been Bolgaric in origin include:
- Kutrighur (Kotrags)
- The Kuber Varkuni
- Asparukh's Horde
- Altasek's Horde
- The Unok-vndur federation