Competitive dance is a major category or classification of danceforms or dance styles, where competition is the primary focus of the dancing.

This compares to other major dance categories based on purpose:

- Ceremonial dance - Erotic dance - Participation dance - Performance dance - Social dance

While many people view this style of dance as a recreational activity, it should more likely by viewed as a sport. In common with other athletes, dancers must be in good physical condition. Dancing requires strength, stamina and flexibility. Competition requires these physical attributes to an even higher extent.

Dance schools often participate in dance competitions, by sponsoring teams that go to regional and national competitions. Competitive dancing requires dedication as there may be many months spent on developing and practicing routines. During the competition dancers perform in front of judges, who evaluate their efforts, and give them a score. The scores are added up, and a medal is rewarded.

A routine may get an honorable mention, a bronze, a high bronze, a silver, a high silver, a gold, or a high gold medal. These scores have nothing to do with how you related to other routines. Judges also put together the scores of all the routines, and give additional awards to routines that placed in the top five of their category. Routines are placed in categories based on the average age of the dancers, the type of dance they are doing and how many people are in the dance.

For this reason a new term, DanceSport, was coined and the International DanceSport Federation (IDSF) was established. IDSF promotes danceport, sets standard rules, sanctions competitions.

A number of other international dance organizations promote various forms of dance as competitive activity and as sport.

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