A country, a land, or a state, is a geographical area and an independent political entity with its own government, administration, laws, often a constitution, police, military, tax rules, and people. Some countries are nation states - for example France or Israel. In these nation states one particular nation is dominant. Other countries, such as People's Republic of China, Spain or United Kingdom contain several nations (or, at least, some parts of the population call themselves a nation), in spite of some of them considering themselves as nation states.

Sometimes, parts of states with a distinct history or culture are called "lands" or "countries": England, Scotland and Wales - three nations on the island of Great Britain are sometimes called countries, even though they are administrative components of the State of the United Kingdom.

The terms country, nation, state and land are often used as synonyms, but in a more strict usage they are distinguished:

Table of contents
1 Countries with exclaves
2 See also
3 External links

Countries with exclaves

These countries consist of two non-contiguous parts, separated by land of one or more other countries. The smaller part (the exclave) is put in parentheses.

A semi-autonomous area consisting of two parts:

See also

External links

Country is also a short form for