A demonym is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place.
- -an or -ian (America -> American);
- -ite (Vancouver -> Vancouverite) (mostly cities);
- -er (London -> Londoner) (mostly cities);
- -ish (Spain -> Spanish) (mostly countries);
- -ese (Taiwan -> Taiwanese) (mostly non-English cities and non-European countries)
- -i (Iraq -> Iraqi) (mostly Middle Eastern locales).
Sometimes the name of the country is derived from the people's name (Swiss -> Switzerland).
Finally, in a few cases the name of the country is not at all related to the name of the people (Netherlands -> Dutch).
Demonyms can be nouns or adjectives. In many cases the noun and adjective forms are the same (Canadian/Canadian); in other cases they are different (Spaniard/Spanish). In some of the latter cases the noun is formed by adding -man or -woman (English/Englishman/Englishwoman).
See List of adjectival forms of place names for a list.\n