The destruction of Jerusalem was the culmination of the successful campaign of Titus against Judea after the unsuccessful one four years prior by Cestius Gallus. The reported casualties were 1.1 million dead and 96,000 taken prisoner. Evidence of this event is seen enscribed on what is now called the Arch of Titus; it graphically displays Jewish artifacts being carried back to Rome after the victory.

This event was also the fulfillment of Jesus's warning thirty-seven years before to his followers of Jerusalem's destruction which they were allegedly able to escape during the withdrawal of Cestius Gallus four years hence. Masada was considered the final cleanup of the Jewish rebellion in 73.

See also