Extreme weather is weather phenomena indicative of an unstable climate; that is, weather that is at the extremes of historical patterns, especially severe or unseasonal weather.

The combination of extreme weather and high population density has led to dramatic weather catastrophes.

Table of contents
1 2002
2 2000
3 1999
4 1998


  • September: On September 19, about one-third of the Maili glacier broke off from the Cacausus Mountains and buried Karmadon, Russia under up to 500 feet of ice and debris, killing 95, including the young Russian movie star Sergei Bodrov Jr
  • August: At least 109 are killed by floods caused by torrential rains in Europe, including the Malse, Blanice, and Vltava rivers of the Czech Republic, the Black Sea resort village of Shirokaya Balka near Novorossiisk in Russia (58 deaths), Germany (the Elbe and Pleisse), and Romania. The downpours have also caused extensive damage in Austria (the Rodl and Danube), Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, and Spain. Prime Minister Vladimir Spidla declared a state of emergency in Prague, Bohemia, Plzen and Karlovy Vary. The Elbe reached record heights in Dresden, flooding much of the city. All shipping on the Danube had to be halted. Premier Silvio Berlusconi approved $50 million in emergency aid in response to the $300 million in damage of northern Italy's crops.
    • About 2000 people are killed by floods and landslides in Asia during its monsoon season.




  • January: an ice storm in northern New England and Quebec left 4 million people without power, some for up to a month
  • Spring: fires in Brazil and Mexico rainforests and Florida
  • Summer: extreme heat waves in Texas, the Middle East and India, killed more than 4,000 people
  • The worst drought in 70 years was followed by extreme floods in September in Mexico
  • September: floods left 14 million people homeless in China
  • October: floods left 30 million people homeless in Bangladesh

See also global climate change, global warming, extreme value theory, weather related fatalities

External links and references

The Heat is Online: Extreme Weather Events