Fairfield is located in Northern California near San Francisco and Sacramento. Fairfield, founded in 1859 by Captain Robert H. Waterman, is the home of Travis Air Force Base, and has a total population of 96,178 as of the 2000 census. It shares a border with its sister city, Suisun City. Other nearby cities include Vacaville and Vallejo. Fairfield is the county seat of Solano County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 97.6 km² (37.7 mi²). 97.5 km² (37.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.05% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 96,178 people, 30,870 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density is 986.3/km² (2,554.2/mi²). There are 31,792 housing units at an average density of 326.0/km² (844.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 56.21% White, 15.02% African American, 0.77% Native American, 10.89% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 8.77% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. 18.77% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 30,870 households out of which 43.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% are married couples living together, 14.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% are non-families. 17.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.98 and the average family size is 3.33.
In the city the population is spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $51,151, and the median income for a family is $55,503. Males have a median income of $38,544 versus $30,616 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,617. 9.3% of the population and 7.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 12.1% are under the age of 18 and 5.2% are 65 or older.