Fatah (Arabic: الفاتح al-fatah -- literally: "the victory") is a Palestinian faction founded in 1957 by Yasser Arafat. Fatah is committed to gaining full independence for Palestinians. In 1967 - 1968, Fatah joined the PLO and won the leadership role in 1969. Fatah's commanders were expelled to Lebanon from Jordan following violent confrontations with Jordanian forces during the period 1970 - 1971, beginning with Black September in 1970.

Fatah received weapons, explosives, and training from the former USSR and the former Communist regimes of East European states. China and North Korea have reportedly provided some weapons.

When Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, the group dispersed to several Middle Eastern countries: Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, Iraq and others. It maintains several intelligence wings that have carried out operations, including Force 17, the Hawari Special Operations Group, Tanzim and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

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