Female is a sex that denotes an animal which produces egg cells in order to reproduce. (The "egg cell" is the larger gamete).
The female is one half of a heterogamous reproduction system, where the male is the other half. In many cases, a female cannot reproduce without sexual intercourse with a male, although some exceptions exist. What actually differentiates a female from a male is not always apparent, and in some cases more a question of definition than anything else.
'Female' and 'male' designate reproductive structures in plants, so the concept is not just limited to animals.
Female is a gender role.
In hardware and electronics, a female connector is a fixture, such as a socket, which is designed to have a corresponding (male) fitting inserted into it. (see gender changer)