Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (March 10, 1503 - July 27, 1564) ruled as emperor 1556-1564 after the abdication of his brother, Charles V, having previously been Archduke of Austria.

Ferdinand I, one of the Hapsburg emperors, was born in Madrid, the son of Philip von Hapsburg (1478-1506) and his wife Juana of Castile (1479-1555).


Signed a peace tready with Suleiman the Magnificent in 1533, splitting Hungary between the Hapsburgs and John Zápolya, prince of Transylvania.


On May 25, 1521 in Linz, Austria, he married Anne of Bohemia (1503-1547), daughter of King Ladislaus V of Hungary and his wife Anne de Foix.

Their children included:

  • Maximilian II (1527-1576)
  • Marie (1531-1581)
  • Johanna (1547-1578)
  • Anna (1528-~1590)
  • Karl II (1540-1590)
  • Elisabeth
  • Catharine

He died in Vienna

Names in other languages: German/Czech/Slovak: Ferdinand I., Hungarian: I. Ferdinánd

Preceded by:
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
List of German Kings and Emperors Succeeded by:
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor