Table of contents
1 Telecommunication
2 Economics
3 Websites


In telecommunication, the term framing has the following meanings:

1. In time-division multiplexing reception, synonym frame synchronization .

2. In video reception, the process of adjusting the timing of the receiver to coincide with the received video synchronization pulse.

3. In facsimile, the adjustment of the facsimile picture to a desired position in the direction of line progression.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188


In Economics, framing means the manner in which a rational choice problem has been presented.

Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman have shown that framing can affect the outcome (ie. the choices one makes) of choice problems to the extent that several of the classic axioms of rational choice do not hold.

see: "Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions", A.Tversky, D.Kahneman, Journal of Business, 1986, vol.59, no.4, pt.2.


On a webpage, framing means that the browser window is divided into frames, and that the HTML code for one frame contains a link to a webpage on another website such that these external contents are automatically displayed within the frame. This may be confusing and inconvenient to the user: he or she can get the impression that the information belongs to the same website; also, less than the full browser window is available and the address bar is less informative. Some websites request not to be used in this way on other websites, and also the framing website runs a risk of being blamed for external content that e.g. is or becomes inaccurate or objectionable. See [1], [1]. For an example of framing, see DVD-ROM.