The Gothic novel is a literary genre, which can be said to have been born with The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole.
Prominent features of many gothic novels are mystery, doom, decay, old buildings with ghosts in them, madness, hereditary curses and so on.
- The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) by Ann Radcliffe
- Vathek, an Arabian Tale (1786) by William Thomas Beckford
- The Monk (1796) by Matthew Lewis
- Melmoth the Wanderer (1820) by Charles Robert Maturin
- Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker
- Turn of the Screw by Henry James
In England, the Gothic novel as a genre had largely played itself out by 1840. It left a lasting legacy, however, in works such as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the works of Edgar Allan Poe. From these, the Gothic genre strictly considered gave way to modern horror fiction.