Honduras is a nation of northern Central America, bordered to the north by Guatemala and El Salvador, to the south by Nicaragua, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Gulf of Honduras and the Caribbean Sea. The nation of Belize (formerly "British Honduras") is some 75 km away across the Bay of Honduras at the two nation's closest points.


República de Honduras
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto:
Official language Spanish
Capital Tegucigalpa
Capital's coordinates 14° 6' N, 87° 13' W
President Ricardo Maduro
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 101th
112,090 km²
xx% / Negligible
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
 - Declared
 - Recognised
(from Spain)
Currency Lempira
Time zone UTC -6 (DST, yes or not)
National anthem Tu bandera es un lampo de cielo
Internet TLD .HN
Calling Code504

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Departments
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics


Main article: History of Honduras

Part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became a state of the nation of Central America in 1821, and became an independent republic at the demise of the union in 1840.

After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Nicaraguan government and an ally to Salvadoran government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas.


Main article: Politics of Honduras


Main article: Departments of Honduras

Honduras is divided into 18 departments:


Main article:
Geography of Honduras

Honduras borders the Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean. The climate varies from subtropical in lowlands to temperate in mountains.

Honduran terrain consists mainly of mountains, but there are narrow plains along the coasts.

Natural resources include: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower


Main article: Economy of Honduras

Honduras spent 1999 primarily recovering from Hurricane Mitch, which killed more than 5,000 people and caused about $3 billion in damage. Although it is slated to receive about $2.76 billion in international aid, the economy shrank 3% with widening current account and fiscal deficits in 1999. It nevertheless met most of its macroeconomic targets. Honduras may also get relief from its $4.4 billion external debt under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative.


Main article: Demographics of Honduras

The population of Honduras is predominantly of Mestizo decent and Roman Catholic faith.


Main article: Culture of Honduras

Miscellaneous topics

Note: Some of these articles are based on text from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the U.S. Department of State website.

Countries of the world  |  North America