The Israel-Egypt peace treaty was signed in Washington on March 26, 1979. It consisted of Israel returning the Sinai Peninsula including its oil wells and strategic location, dismantling Israeli Settlements and removing (in some instances such as Yamit forcefully, the Jewish population of the area, in exchange for Egypt recognizing Israel's right to exist and pledging not to attack it again. Also involved was an arrangement of autonomy for the Palestinian population of the disputed Israeli territories of Judea, Samaria (together also called the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.

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