The Lake District National Park is one of thirteen National parks in the United Kingdom. It lies in the county of Cumbria. The park is one of England's few mountainous regions. All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level lies within the Park.
The highest point in England is the peak of Scafell Pike. The exact height differs according to source : Alfred Wainwright, writer of many popular guides to the Lake District mountains, gives it as 3210 feet (978m) but the Ordnance Survey gives 3206 feet (977m).
Despite its name there is only one body of water in the park with the word Lake in the name, Bassenthwaite Lake. All the others such as Windermere, Coniston Water, Ullswater and Buttermere use other forms, with 'mere' being particularly common.
Historically, farming, in particular of sheep, was the major industry in the region. Over the past century, tourism has grown rapidly to become the area's primary source of income. However the area was badly affected by the foot-and-mouth outbreak across the United Kingdom in 2001. Thousands of sheep, ordinarily grazing on the fellsides in the North of the Park were destroyed.