Lanzhou (兰州) is the capital of the Gansu province in China.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Demographics
4 Economy
5 Transportation
6 Places of Interest
7 Culture
8 Colleges and universities
9 External Links


Lanzhou was once called the Golden City. Located in the Hexi Corridor, or "Corridor West of the Yellow River", in which early Chinese civilization began, it has a history of over 2,000 years.

Lanzhou was founded in the Qin Dynasty.

During Han Dynasty, it became a major stop on the ancient Silk Road. To protect the city, the Great Wall was extended as far as Yumen.

See also:
  • Dunhuang
  • Bingling Temple
  • White Pagoda Hill (pinyin: bai2 ta3 shan1).

After the fall of Han Dynasty, Lanzhou became capital of a succession of tribal states. Mixed with different cultural herritage, area at present-day Gansu province, from the 5th to the 11th century, became a center for Buddhist study. ,



Semi-dry climate in the temperate zone.

Neighboring Provinces and Autonomous Regions



Natural Resouces


Gansu has one of the largest
oil refineries in the country and the center of China's atomic energy industry.
  • Main Industries: textile mills, rubber, fertilizer plants, oil refinery, Petro-chemical, machinary and metallurgical industry



Lanzhou is a rail, highway, and air hub and the junction point to remote
Xinjiang in extreme NW China.
  • Airways: The airplane here can take you to more than 20 cities all over the country.
  • Railroad: Lanzhou is linked by rail to Beijing and to the Republic of Mongolia and Russia
  • Highways: on the highway to Tibet.
    • Lan-Xin railway: only railway leading into Xinjiang
see also: Trolleybus

Places of Interest

(under construction)
  • Wuquan Mountain
  • Baita Mountain
  • Xinglong Mountain
  • Lutusi ancient government


Colleges and universities

  • Lanzhou University

External Links