A logogram is a single written character which represents a complete grammatical word. Most Chinese characters are classified as logograms.
Compared to alphabetical systems, logograms have the disadvantage that one needs many of them to be able to be able to write down a large number of words. An advantage is that one does not need to know the language of the writer to understand them - everyone understands what 1 means, whether they call it one, eins, uno or ichi; likewise, people speaking different Chinese dialects, or even Chinese and Korean or Japanese, cannot understand each other in speaking, but sometimes can in writing.
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