Louis Dembitz Brandeis was born in Louisville, Kentucky on November 13, 1856 and died on October 3, 1941. He was an important American litigator, judge, and advocate of privacy. In addition, he helped lead the American Zionist movement. He was appointed by Woodrow Wilson to the Supreme Court of the United States in 1916, and served until 1939. He was the first Jewish person to hold that office. Before his appointment to the Supreme Court he was associated with the progressive wing of the United States Democratic Party, and published a notable book in support of competition rather than monopoly in business.