Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (June 21, 1839 - September 29, 1908) was a Brazilian novelist, poet and short-story writer born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He is the most important name in Brazilian literature and his works had a great influence on Brazilian literary schools of the 19th century.

Early life

Son of Francisco José de Assis (a housepainter, descendant of freed slaves) and Maria Leopoldina Machado de Assis (a washerwoman), Machado de Assis lost both his mother and his only sister at an early age.



List of Major Works

  • 1872 - Ressurrection (Ressurreição)
  • 1874 - The Hand and the Glove (A Mão e a Luva)
  • 1876 - Helena
  • 1878 - Iaiá Garcia
  • 1881 - The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas, also known in English as Epitaph for a Small Winner)
  • 1891 - Quincas Borba
  • 1899 - Dom Casmurro
  • 1904 - Esaú and Jacó (Esaú e Jacó)
  • 1908 - Counselor Aires's Memorial (Memorial de Aires)