Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto (Black Gold) was the focal point of the gold rush and Brazil's golden age in the 18th century.

It is a former colonial mining town situated in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains at Minas Gerais, Brazil. The site has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Its colonial architecture is all preserved, with no sign of modern urban life. Churches decorated with gold and the works of Aleijadinho make Ouro Preto a popular tourist destination.