Rainbow Lorikeets
Scientific classification
Amazona, amazon
Anodorhynchus, macaw
Ara, macaw
Cyanopsitta, macaw
Melopsittacus, Budgerigar
Myiopsitta, Monk Parakeet
Nestor, kea, kaka
Psittacus, African Grey Parrot

A parrot is any of the many birds belonging to the family Psittacidae. They have a characteristic curved beak shape and generally an erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back.

Most species can imitate human speech or other sounds, and at least one researcher, Irene Pepperberg has made controversial claims for the learning ability of one species; an African Grey Parrot Alex, has been trained to use words to identify objects. Many other scholars claim that parrots are only repeating words with no idea of their meanings and point to Pepperberg's results as being nothing but an expression of operant conditioning. However, there remains little doubt that parrots are quite intelligent.

Other kinds of parrot are the several species of macaw, the cockatoos and the Kea.

Birds of the parrot family can be found in most of the warmer parts of the world, including India, South East Asia and West Africa, with one species, now extinct, in the United States (the Carolina Parakeet). By far the greatest number of parrot species, however, come from Australasia, South America and Central America.

Along with the cockatoo family (the Cacatuidae), the parrot family makes up the order Psittaciformes. Confusingly, the term parrot can be used in either the narrow sense of the parrot family Psittacidae or the broad sense of the order Psittaciformes.


  • Family Cacatuidae: cockatoos
  • Family Psittacidae (true parrots)
    • Subfamily Loriinae
      • 11 to 13 genera of lorikeets and lories, centered in New Guinea, spreading to Australia, Indonesia, and the islands of the south Pacific. (Sometimes classed as a full family and thus termed Loriidae.)
    • Subfamily Micropsittinae
      • 6 speces of pygmy parrot, all in a single genus
    • Subfamily Psittacini: Afrotropical parrots
      • 12 species
    • Subfamily Psittrichadini
      • Pesquet's Parrot, Psittrichas fulgidus
    • Subfamily Arini: neotropical parrots
      • 148 species
    • Subfamily Platycercinae
      • 35 to 38 species in about 14 genera, including the rosellas
    • Subfamily Nestorinae
      • 3 species in 1 genus: Kea and Kaka of New Zealand and the extinct Norfolk Island Kaka
    • Subfamily Strigopinae
      • 1 species: the Kakapo of New Zealand
    • Unplaced tribe Psittaculini (paleotropic parrots)
    • Unplaced tribe Cyclopsitticini: fig parrots
      • 5 species in 1 to 3 genera, all from New Guinea or nearby
    • Unplaced tribe Polytelini: long-tailed parrots
      • 8 species in 3 genera, mostly Australian

Species list

  • Black Lory, Chalcopsitta atra
  • Brown Lory, Chalcopsitta duivenbodei
  • Yellow-streaked Lory, Chalcopsitta sintillata
  • Cardinal Lory, Chalcopsitta cardinalis
  • Red-and-blue Lory, Eos histrio
  • Violet-necked Lory, Eos squamata
  • Red Lory, Eos bornea
  • Blue-streaked Lory, Eos reticulata
  • Black-winged Lory, Eos cyanogenia
  • Blue-eared Lory, Eos semilarvata
  • Dusky Lory, Pseudeos fuscata
  • Ornate Lorikeet, Trichoglossus ornatus
  • Rainbow Lorikeet, Trichoglossus haematodus
  • Olive-headed Lorikeet, Trichoglossus euteles
  • Yellow-and-green Lorikeet, Trichoglossus flavoviridis
  • Mindanao Lorikeet, Trichoglossus johnstoniae
  • Pohnpei Lorikeet, Trichoglossus rubiginosus
  • Scaly-breasted Lorikeet, Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus
  • Varied Lorikeet, Psitteuteles versicolor
  • Iris Lorikeet, Psitteuteles iris
  • Goldie's Lorikeet, Psitteuteles goldiei
  • Chattering Lory, Lorius garrulus
  • Purple-naped Lory, Lorius domicella
  • Black-capped Lory, Lorius lory
  • Purple-bellied Lory, Lorius hypoinochrous
  • White-naped Lory, Lorius albidinuchus
  • Yellow-bibbed Lory, Lorius chlorocercus
  • Collared Lory, Phigys solitarius
  • Blue-crowned Lorikeet, Vini australis
  • Rimatara Lorikeet, Vini kuhlii
  • Henderson Lorikeet, Vini stepheni
  • Blue Lorikeet, Vini peruviana
  • Ultramarine Lorikeet, Vini ultramarina
  • Musk Lorikeet, Glossopsitta concinna
  • Little Lorikeet, Glossopsitta pusilla
  • Purple-crowned Lorikeet, Glossopsitta porphyrocephala
  • Palm Lorikeet, Charmosyna palmarum
  • Red-chinned Lorikeet, Charmosyna rubrigularis
  • Meek's Lorikeet, Charmosyna meeki
  • Blue-fronted Lorikeet, Charmosyna toxopei
  • Striated Lorikeet, Charmosyna multistriata
  • Pygmy Lorikeet, Charmosyna wilhelminae
  • Red-fronted Lorikeet, Charmosyna rubronotata
  • Red-flanked Lorikeet, Charmosyna placentis
  • New Caledonian Lorikeet, Charmosyna diadema
  • Red-throated Lorikeet, Charmosyna amabilis
  • Duchess Lorikeet, Charmosyna margarethae
  • Fairy Lorikeet, Charmosyna pulchella
  • Josephine's Lorikeet, Charmosyna josefinae
  • Papuan Lorikeet, Charmosyna papou
  • Plum-faced Lorikeet, Oreopsittacus arfaki
  • Yellow-billed Lorikeet, Neopsittacus musschenbroekii
  • Orange-billed Lorikeet, Neopsittacus pullicauda
  • Pesquet's Parrot, Psittrichas fulgidus
  • Kea, Nestor notabilis
  • Kaka, Nestor meridionalis
  • Kakapo, Strigops habroptilus
  • Yellow-capped Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta keiensis
  • Geelvink Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta geelvinkiana
  • Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta pusio
  • Yellow-breasted Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta meeki
  • Green Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta finschii
  • Red-breasted Pygmy-Parrot, Micropsitta bruijnii
  • Orange-breasted Fig-Parrot, Clycopsitta gulielmitertii
  • Double-eyed Fig-Parrot, Clycopsitta diophthalma
  • Large Fig-Parrot, Psittaculirostris desmarestii
  • Edwards' Fig-Parrot, Psittaculirostris edwardsii
  • Salvadori's Fig-Parrot, Psittaculirostris salvadorii
  • Guaiabero, Bolbopsittacus lunulatus
  • Crimson Shining-Parrot, Prosopeia splendens
  • Masked Shining-Parrot, Prosopeia personata
  • Red Shining-Parrot, Prosopeia tabuensis
  • Horned Parakeet, Eunymphicus cornutus
  • Antipodes Parakeet, Cyanoramphus unicolor
  • Red-fronted Parakeet, Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae
  • Yellow-fronted Parakeet, Cyanoramphus auriceps
  • Chatham Parakeet, Cyanoramphus forbesi
  • Malherbe's Parakeet, Cyanoramphus malherbi
  • Red-capped Parrot, Purpureicephalus spurius
  • Port Lincoln Parrot, Barnardius zonarius
  • Mallee Ringneck, Barnardius barnardi
  • Green Rosella, Platycercus caledonicus
  • Crimson Rosella, Platycercus elegans
  • Yellow Rosella, Platycercus flaveolus
  • Adelaide Rosella, Platycercus adelaidae
  • Northern Rosella, Platycercus venustus
  • Pale-headed Rosella, Platycercus adscitus
  • Eastern Rosella, Platycercus eximius
  • Western Rosella, Platycercus icterotis
  • Bluebonnet, Northiella haematogaster
  • Red-rumped Parrot, Psephotus haematonotus
  • Mulga Parrot, Psephotus varius
  • Hooded Parrot, Psephotus dissimilis
  • Golden-shouldered Parrot, Psephotus chrysopterygius
  • Paradise Parrot, Psephotus pulcherrimus
  • Bourke's Parrot, Neopsephotus bourkii
  • Blue-winged Parrot, Neophema chrysostoma
  • Elegant Parrot, Neophema elegans
  • Rock Parrot, Neophema petrophila
  • Orange-bellied Parrot, Neophema chrysogaster
  • Turquoise Parrot, Neophema pulchella
  • Scarlet-chested Parrot, Neophema splendida
  • Swift Parrot, Lathamus discolor
  • Budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatus
  • Ground Parrot, Pezoporus wallicus
  • Night Parrot, Geopsittacus occidentalis
  • Blue-rumped Parrot, Psittinus cyanurus
  • Brehm's Tiger-Parrot, Psittacella brehmii
  • Painted Tiger-Parrot, Psittacella picta
  • Modest Tiger-Parrot, Psittacella modesta
  • Madarasz's Tiger-Parrot, Psittacella madaraszi
  • Red-cheeked Parrot, Geoffroyus geoffroyi
  • Blue-collared Parrot, Geoffroyus simplex
  • Singing Parrot, Geoffroyus heteroclitus
  • Luzon Racquet-tail, Prioniturus montanus
  • Mindanao Racquet-tail, Prioniturus waterstradti
  • Blue-headed Racquet-tail, Prioniturus platenae
  • Green Racquet-tail, Prioniturus luconensis
  • Blue-crowned Racquet-tail, Prioniturus discurus
  • Sulu Racquet-tail, Prioniturus verticalis
  • Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail, Prioniturus flavicans
  • Golden-mantled Racquet-tail, Prioniturus platurus
  • Buru Racquet-tail, Prioniturus mada
  • Great-billed Parrot, Tanygnathus megalorynchos
  • Blue-naped Parrot, Tanygnathus lucionensis
  • Blue-backed Parrot, Tanygnathus sumatranus
  • Black-lored Parrot, Tanygnathus gramineus
  • Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus roratus
  • Australian King-Parrot, Alisterus scapularis
  • Moluccan King-Parrot, Alisterus amboinensis
  • Papuan King-Parrot, Alisterus chloropterus
  • Olive-shouldered Parrot, Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
  • Red-winged Parrot, Aprosmictus erythropterus
  • Superb Parrot, Polytelis swainsonii
  • Regent Parrot, Polytelis anthopeplus
  • Princess Parrot, Polytelis alexandrae
  • Alexandrine Parakeet, Psittacula eupatria
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet, Psittacula krameri
  • Mauritius Parakeet, Psittacula echo
  • Newton's Parakeet, Psittacula exsul
  • Slaty-headed Parakeet, Psittacula himalayana
  • Grey-headed Parakeet, Psittacula finschii
  • Plum-headed Parakeet, Psittacula cyanocephala
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet, Psittacula roseata
  • Malabar Parakeet, Psittacula columboides
  • Layard's Parakeet, Psittacula calthropae
  • Derbyan Parakeet, Psittacula derbiana
  • Red-breasted Parakeet, Psittacula alexandri
  • Nicobar Parakeet, Psittacula caniceps
  • Long-tailed Parakeet, Psittacula longicauda
  • Vernal Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus vernalis
  • Ceylon Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus beryllinus
  • Philippine Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus philippensis
  • Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus galgulus
  • Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus stigmatus
  • Sula Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus sclateri
  • Moluccan Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus amabilis
  • Sangihe Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus catamene
  • Papuan Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus aurantiifrons
  • Green-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus tener
  • Pygmy Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus exilis
  • Yellow-throated Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus pusillus
  • Wallace's Hanging-Parrot, Loriculus flosculus
  • Grey-headed Lovebird, Agapornis canus
  • Red-headed Lovebird, Agapornis pullarius
  • Black-winged Lovebird, Agapornis taranta
  • Black-collared Lovebird, Agapornis swinderniana
  • Rosy-faced Lovebird, Agapornis roseicollis
  • Fischer's Lovebird, Agapornis fischeri
  • Yellow-collared Lovebird, Agapornis personatus
  • Lilian's Lovebird, Agapornis lilianae
  • Black-cheeked Lovebird, Agapornis nigrigenis
  • Vasa Parrot, Coracopsis vasa
  • Black Parrot, Coracopsis nigra
  • African Grey Parrot, Psittacus erithacus
  • Brown-necked Parrot, Poicephalus robustus
  • Red-fronted Parrot, Poicephalus gulielmi
  • Meyer's Parrot, Poicephalus meyeri
  • Rueppell's Parrot, Poicephalus rueppellii
  • Brown-headed Parrot, Poicephalus cryptoxanthus
  • Niam-Niam Parrot, Poicephalus crassus
  • Red-bellied Parrot, Poicephalus rufiventris
  • Senegal Parrot, Poicephalus senegalus
  • Yellow-fronted Parrot, Poicephalus flavifrons
  • Hyacinth Macaw, Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
  • Lear's Macaw, Anodorhynchus leari
  • Spix's Macaw, Cyanopsitta spixii
  • Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Ara ararauna
  • Blue-throated Macaw, Ara glaucogularis
  • Military Macaw, Ara militaris
  • Great Green Macaw, Ara ambigua
  • Scarlet Macaw, Ara macao
  • Red-and-green Macaw, Ara chloroptera
  • Red-fronted Macaw, Ara rubrogenys
  • Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Ara severa
  • Red-bellied Macaw, Orthopsittaca manilata
  • Blue-headed Macaw, Propyrrhura couloni
  • Blue-winged Macaw, Propyrrhura maracana
  • Golden-collared Macaw, Propyrrhura auricollis
  • Red-shouldered Macaw, Diopsittaca nobilis
  • Thick-billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
  • Maroon-fronted Parrot, Rhynchopsitta terrisi
  • Yellow-eared Parrot, Ognorhynchus icterotis
  • Golden Parakeet, Guarouba guarouba
  • Blue-crowned Parakeet, Aratinga acuticaudata
  • Green Parakeet, Aratinga holochlora
  • Pacific Parakeet, Aratinga strenua
  • Socorro Parakeet, Aratinga brevipes
  • Red-throated Parakeet, Aratinga rubritorquis
  • Scarlet-fronted Parakeet, Aratinga wagleri
  • Mitred Parakeet, Aratinga mitrata
  • Red-masked Parakeet, Aratinga erythrogenys
  • Crimson-fronted Parakeet, Aratinga finschi
  • White-eyed Parakeet, Aratinga leucophthalmus
  • Cuban Parakeet, Aratinga euops
  • Hispaniolan Parakeet, Aratinga chloroptera
  • Sun Parakeet, Aratinga solstitialis
  • Jandaya Parakeet, Aratinga jandaya
  • Golden-capped Parakeet, Aratinga auricapilla
  • Dusky-headed Parakeet, Aratinga weddellii
  • Brown-throated Parakeet, Aratinga pertinax
  • Olive-throated Parakeet, Aratinga nana
  • Orange-fronted Parakeet, Aratinga canicularis
  • Peach-fronted Parakeet, Aratinga aurea
  • Caatinga Parakeet, Aratinga cactorum
  • Nanday Parakeet, Nandayus nenday
  • Golden-plumed Parakeet, Leptosittaca branickii
  • Burrowing Parrot, Cyanoliseus patagonus
  • Blue-throated Parakeet, Pyrrhura cruentata
  • Blaze-winged Parakeet, Pyrrhura devillei
  • Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Pyrrhura frontalis
  • Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Pyrrhura perlata
  • Pearly Parakeet, Pyrrhura lepida
  • Green-cheeked Parakeet, Pyrrhura molinae
  • Painted Parakeet, Pyrrhura picta
  • Fiery-shouldered Parakeet, Pyrrhura egregia
  • White-eared Parakeet, Pyrrhura leucotis
  • Santa Marta Parakeet, Pyrrhura viridicata
  • Maroon-tailed Parakeet, Pyrrhura melanura
  • El Oro Parakeet, Pyrrhura orcesi
  • Black-capped Parakeet, Pyrrhura rupicola
  • White-necked Parakeet, Pyrrhura albipectus
  • Flame-winged Parakeet, Pyrrhura calliptera
  • Red-eared Parakeet, Pyrrhura hoematotis
  • Rose-headed Parakeet, Pyrrhura rhodocephala
  • Sulphur-winged Parakeet, Pyrrhura hoffmanni
  • Austral Parakeet, Enicognathus ferrugineus
  • Slender-billed Parakeet, Enicognathus leptorhynchus
  • Monk Parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus
  • Cliff Parakeet, Myiopsitta luchsi
  • Andean Parakeet, Bolborhynchus orbygnesius
  • Barred Parakeet, Bolborhynchus lineola
  • Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons
  • Grey-hooded Parakeet, Psilopsiagon aymara
  • Mountain Parakeet, Psilopsiagon aurifrons
  • Mexican Parrotlet, Forpus cyanopygius
  • Green-rumped Parrotlet, Forpus passerinus
  • Blue-winged Parrotlet, Forpus xanthopterygius
  • Spectacled Parrotlet, Forpus conspicillatus
  • Dusky-billed Parrotlet, Forpus sclateri
  • Pacific Parrotlet, Forpus coelestis
  • Yellow-faced Parrotlet, Forpus xanthops
  • Plain Parakeet, Brotogeris tirica
  • Canary-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris versicolurus
  • Yellow-chevroned Parakeet, Brotogeris chiriri
  • Gray-cheeked Parakeet, Brotogeris pyrrhopterus
  • Orange-chinned Parakeet, Brotogeris jugularis
  • Cobalt-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris cyanoptera
  • Tui Parakeet, Brotogeris sanctithomae
  • Golden-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris chrysopterus
  • Tepui Parrotlet, Nannopsittaca panychlora
  • Amazonian Parrotlet, Nannopsittaca dachilleae
  • Lilac-tailed Parrotlet, Touit batavica
  • Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Touit huetii
  • Red-fronted Parrotlet, Touit costaricensis
  • Blue-fronted Parrotlet, Touit dilectissima
  • Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet, Touit purpurata
  • Brown-backed Parrotlet, Touit melanonota
  • Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Touit surda
  • Spot-winged Parrotlet, Touit stictoptera
  • Black-headed Parrot, Pionites melanocephala
  • White-bellied Parrot, Pionites leucogaster
  • Vulturine Parrot, Pionopsitta vulturina
  • Brown-hooded Parrot, Pionopsitta haematotis
  • Rose-faced Parrot, Pionopsitta pulchra
  • Orange-cheeked Parrot, Pionopsitta barrabandi
  • Saffron-headed Parrot, Pionopsitta pyrilia
  • Caica Parrot, Pionopsitta caica
  • Pileated Parrot, Pionopsitta pileata
  • Black-winged Parrot, Hapalopsittaca melanotis
  • Rusty-faced Parrot, Hapalopsittaca amazonina
  • Indigo-winged Parrot, Hapalopsittaca fuertesi
  • Red-faced Parrot, Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops
  • Short-tailed Parrot, Graydidascalus brachyurus
  • Blue-headed Parrot, Pionus menstruus
  • Red-billed Parrot, Pionus sordidus
  • Scaly-headed Parrot, Pionus maximiliani
  • White-crowned Parrot, Pionus senilis
  • Speckle-faced Parrot, Pionus tumultuosus
  • Bronze-winged Parrot, Pionus chalcopterus
  • Dusky Parrot, Pionus fuscus
  • Cuban Parrot , Amazona leucocephala
  • Yellow-billed Parrot, Amazona collaria
  • Hispaniolan Parrot, Amazona ventralis
  • Puerto Rican Parrot, Amazona vittata
  • Yellow-lored Parrot, Amazona xantholora
  • White-fronted Parrot, Amazona albifrons
  • Black-billed Parrot, Amazona agilis
  • Tucuman Parrot, Amazona tucumana
  • Red-spectacled Parrot, Amazona pretrei
  • Red-crowned Parrot, Amazona viridigenalis
  • Lilac-crowned Parrot, Amazona finschi
  • Red-lored Parrot, Amazona autumnalis
  • Blue-cheeked Parrot, Amazona dufresniana
  • Red-browed Parrot, Amazona rhodocorytha
  • Red-tailed Parrot, Amazona brasiliensis
  • Festive Parrot, Amazona festiva
  • Yellow-faced Parrot, Amazona xanthops
  • Yellow-shouldered Parrot, Amazona barbadensis
  • Blue-fronted Parrot, Amazona aestiva
  • Yellow-headed Parrot, Amazona oratrix
  • Yellow-crowned Parrot, Amazona ochrocephala
  • Yellow-naped Parrot, Amazona auropalliata
  • Kawall's Parrot, Amazona kawalli
  • Orange-winged Parrot, Amazona amazonica
  • Scaly-naped Parrot, Amazona mercenaria
  • Mealy Parrot , Amazona farinosa
  • Vinaceous Parrot, Amazona vinacea
  • St. Lucia Parrot, Amazona versicolor
  • Red-necked Parrot, Amazona arausiaca
  • St. Vincent Parrot, Amazona guildingii
  • Imperial Parrot, Amazona imperialis
  • Red-fan Parrot, Deroptyus accipitrinus
  • Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea