Pausanias is the name of several ancient people:
- Pausanias was a Spartan general of the 5th century BC.
- Pausanias of Sparta was King of Sparta from 409 BC-395 BC.
- Pausanias was the servant who assassinated Philip II of Macedon in 336 BC
- Pausanias, Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius.