Area:98,281 km²
Pop. density:80.6 inh./km²
ISO 3166-2:BR-PE
Governor:Jarbas Vasconcellos

Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country. To the north is the states of Paraíba and Ceará, to the west is Piauí, to the south is Alagoas and Bahia, and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Important Cities
4 External links


Pernambuco has a territory covered mostly by the dry thorny scrub vegetation called Caatinga.


Pernambuco was the home for the most important rebellions and insurrections in Brazilian history, especially in the 19th century. It was first colonized by Portuguese settlers, then occupied by the Dutch in 1630, and militarly regained by Portugal in 1654. The Dutch legacy is still recognizable in Pernambuco's people, accent, and architecture.

Pernambuco was the site of the brief liberal Praieira revolt in 1848, which was Brazil's response to the European year of failed liberal revoltions. The military officer who put it down was Deodoro da Fonseca, later briefly the first president of the Brazilian republic.

Important Cities

External links

Pernambuco is also the name of a tropical tree used for lumber and red dye. Species Caesalpinia echinata. It was also called brazilwood, and gave its name to the country, rather than the other way around.