Tomb Raider is a 1996 computer game originally published by Eidos Interactive. The game features the fictional character Lara Croft, a buxom female archaeologist in search of ancient treasures, a la Indiana Jones. There have been several sequels.
The game presents a world in 3D, a series of tombs, and other locations, through which the player must guide Lara, killing dangerous animals and other creatures, while collecting objects and solving puzzles along the way.
The game is a third-person shooter, since Lara is always visible. The player's "camera" follows her, usually over her shoulder or from behind.
Each version of the game has introduced new weapons and moves; by the fourth version Lara can backflip whilst sliding down a rope, turn around in mid-air and grab onto a ledge behind her. All this while shooting her pistols!
This is an earlier example of the 3D genre, characterised by the cubic nature of the world in which Lara inhabits. Every ledge, wall and ceiling sit at 90 degrees to each other, although the game designers used some clever tricks to make this less obvious.
A rather unsavoury development in Lara Croft's history is the so-called "Nude Raider" patch. It's been said in the past, that someone within Eidos Interactive created the patch then released it on the Eidos Interactive website back in 1996, it was on the site for a few hours until Eidos discovered it and removed the patch, but many people downloaded the patch and uploaded it to different websites. This program, when added to an existing Tomb Raider game, causes Lara to appear naked, unsurprisingly popular among a certain population of gamers.