Thomas Clement Douglas (1904-1986) was a Scottish-born Canadian Baptist minister, politician, and premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961. He was one of the founders of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), a left-wing political party, and as premier formed North America's first socialist government, introducing innovative social reforms such as hospital insurance, the beginning of Canada's medicare program.
Douglas was born on October 20 1904, in Falkirk, Scotland. In 1910, his family emigrated to Canada, where they located in Winnipeg. During WWI, the family returned to Glasgow but came back to Winnipeg in 1920.
He was also the father of Canadian actress Shirley Douglas, and the grandfather of Kiefer Sutherland.