The place of the matrona (a Roman woman) in the society was basically indoors, taking care of the family and household. They were under the protection of the pater familias (the master of the house), either the father or the husband. They were not entitled to have any public office or to participate in any political activities. The notable exception were the Vestal Virgins, that held a religious status and special privileges. Due to this background position in the society, women referred by name in the ancient sources are scarce.

Some exceptions are (list not exaustive and far from being complete):

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