Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s
Years: 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 - 1857 - 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862
January 9 - Earthquake at Fort Tejon, California with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 .
February 16 - The National Deaf Mute College (later renamed Gallaudet University) is established in Washington, DC becoming the first school for the advanced education of the deaf.
March 3 - France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
March 6 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
March 23 - Elisha Otis' first elevator is installed (at 488 Broadway, New York City)
May 10 - Indian Mutiny: In India, the sepoys revolt against the British Army.
May 11 - Indian Mutiny: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
December 31 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, Ontario as the capital of Canada
The Supreme Court of the United States decides the Dred Scott case, driving the country further towards the American Civil War
The Mormons abandon Las Vegas
Founding of Hollywood
Restoration of the Mexican republic (see Mexico/History)
James Buchanan succeeds Franklin Pierce as President of the United States of America
Discovery of La Tene culture artefacts in Switzerland by Hansli Kopp.
Philip Henry Gosse writes Omphalos text elaborating a Creationist school of thought
University of Bombay established
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1857 in literature:
Leon Scott invents the phonoautograph.
February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scouts / the Scouting youth movement (†1941)
February 22 - Heinrich Hertz, physicist
March 8 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, composer (†1919)
April 5 - Alexander of Battenberg, first prince of Bulgaria
July 23 - Carl Meinhof (†1944) German linguist
July 30 - Thorstein Veblen, economist (†1929)
September 13 - Milton S. Hershey, founder of the Hershey Chocolate Company
November 26 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist
November 28 - Alfonso XII of Spain, later one of the Kings of Spain
December 3 - Joseph Conrad, Polish/British novelist (Heart of Darkness)
Joseph Tabrar, one of the most famous songwriters of British Music Hall
May 11 - Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal, first director of Surete Nationale and founder of the earliest known private detective agency.
May 23 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician.
September 3 - John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Company Factor.
December 15 - Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer.\n