Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century
- Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa created the "portus Julius" in today submersed town Puteoli (Pozzuoli?, close to Naples).
- According to [Josephus Flavius]?, [Herod the Great]? built Masada between this year and 31 BC as a refuge for himself should his Jewish subjects rise against him.
- The kingdom of Goguryeo in Korea is founded by the legendary king Jumong. (traditional date)