Bologna is a city in Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, between the Po River and the Apennines. Bologna was a Roman colony which survived as a medieval city to become a centre of learning and then a major city of the Renaissance papal states. Its townscape is enriched by elegant and extensive arcades.

Gratian and Irnerius, two of the formative influences on legal study both taught at the university in the 12th century (and Copernicus was also there to study in 1495).

The city was one of the first European settlements to experiment with the concept of "free" public transport.

See also

Bologna is also a lunch meat. It is made from the spare parts of pigs, such as their ears, snouts and tails. Oscar Mayer popularized bologna with their own brand, which ran the famous commercials in which the kid sings, "My bologna has a first name . . ."