October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 74 days remaining.
202 BC - Battle of Zama, resulting in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.
439 - The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
1781 - Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington and Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the American Revolutionary War.
1812 - Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
1864 - Battle of Cedar Creek - Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
1864 - Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1912 - Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1917 - Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
1933 - Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1944 - United States forces land in the Philippines.
1954 - First ascent of Cho Oyu.
1960 - Mauretania gains independence from France.
1973 - President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
1982 - John DeLorean arrested for trafficking in cocaine.
1987 - In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran's offshore oil platforms.
1987 - (Black Monday) Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%.
1784 - John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Company Factor
1885 - Charles Merrill, investment banker († 1956)
1899 - Miguel Angel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel laureate († 1974)
1907 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, band leader († 1962)
1910 - Jean Genet, author († 1986)
1918 - Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher
1922 - Jack Anderson, political columnist
1931 - John Le Carré, novelist
1932 - Robert Reed, actor († 1992)
1935 - Tony Lo Bianco, actor
1937 - Peter Max, pop artist
1944 - Peter Tosh, musician
1945 - Divine (Glen Milstead), actor († 1988)
1945 - John Lithgow, actor
1947 - Giorgio Cavazzano, comics artist and illustrator
1951 - Patricia Ireland, President of the National Organization for Women
1962 - Evander Holyfield, boxing champion
1966 - Jon Favreau, actor, writer, director
1969 - Trey Parker, cartoonist, comedian, writer, actor
1972 - Pras, musician
1973 - Jeremy Jordan, actor, singer
1745 - Jonathan Swift, author
1889 - King Louis of Portugal
1943 - Camille Claudel, French sculptor
1950 - Edna St. Vincent Millay, poet
1973 - Walt Kelly, cartoonist
1987 - Jacqueline Du Pre, cellist
1988 - Son House, blues musician
1994 - Martha Raye, comedienne, actress
2003 - Faith Fancher, television journalist and breast cancer awareness activist
Roman Empire - Armilustrium in honor of Mars
Niue - Constitution Day in honour of the country's independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974.
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
October 18 - October 20 - November 19 - September 19 - more historical anniversaries