List of battles - List of battles 1400 BC-AD 600 - List of battles 601-1400 - List of battles 1401-1800 - List of battles 1801-1900 - List of battles 1901-2000 - List of battles 2001-2100

Table of contents
1 Before 500 BC
2 Fifth Century before the Common Era
3 Fourth Century before the Common Era
4 Third Century before the Common Era
5 Second Century before the Common Era
6 First Century before the Common Era
7 First Century
8 Second Century
9 Third Century
10 Fourth Century
11 Fifth Century
12 Sixth Century

Before 500 BC

Fifth Century before the Common Era

Fourth Century before the Common Era

  • 396 BC Battle of Veii Romans complete conquest of Etruscans
  • 395 BC Battle of Haliartus The Spartan general Lysander is killed in a Spartan defeat to the Thebans
  • 394 BC -
    • Battle of Coronea King Agesilaus II of Sparta defeats the Thebans.
    • Battle of Cnidus The Spartan fleet under Peisander is utterly destroyed by the Persian-Athenian fleet of Conon
  • 390 BC Battle of the Allia The Gauls defeat the Romans, leading to the Gallic sack of Rome
  • 389 BC Battle of the Elleporus Dionysius of Syracuse defeats the Italiote League, securing his domination of Greek Southern Italy.
  • 376 BC Battle of Naxos The Athenians under Chabrias defeat the Spartans at sea.
  • 371 BC July Battle of Leuctra Spartans under king Cleombrotus lose to the Thebans under Epaminondas - Cleombrotus is killed. This ends the period of Spartan domination of Greece
  • 364 BC Battle of Cynoscephalae The Thebans under Pelopidas fight a drawn battle with Alexander of Pherae in Thessaly. Pelopidas is killed
  • 362 BC Battle of Mantinea The Thebans and their allies, under Epaminondas, defeat the Spartans and Athenians, but Epaminondas himself is killed, ending the brief period of Theban domination
  • 353 BC Battle of Volo Philip II of Macedon defeats the Phocians in the Third Sacred War
  • 342 BC Battle of Mount Gaurus Roman general Marcus Valerius Corvus defeats the Samnites
  • 340 BC Battle of the Crimissus Timoleon defeats the Carthaginian invaders of Sicily
  • 339 BC Battle of Vesuvius Romans under P. Decius Mus are defeated by the rebellious Latins.
  • 338 BC -
    • August 2 Battle of Chaeronea Philip of Macedon crushes Athens and Thebes in their struggle to maintain their independence
    • Battle of Trifanum The Roman general T. Manlius Torquatus decisively defeats the Latins.
  • 334 BC Battle of the Granicus - Alexander the Great defeats the Persian army in Western Asia Minor
  • 333 BC Battle of Issus - Alexander the Great defeats the main Persian army under King Darius III in northern Syria.
  • 331 BC -
  • 326 BC Battle of the Hydaspes Alexander defeats the Indian King Porus
  • 322 BC -
    • Battle of Crannon Antipater and Craterus crush an Athenian rebellion against Macedonian control
    • Battle of Amorgos The Macedonian fleet crushes the Athenians about the same time as Crannon.
  • 321 BC Battle of the Claudine Forks The Romans under Spurius Postumius and T. Verturius Calvinus are defeated by the Samnites under Gaius Pontius.
  • 317 BC Battle of Paraetakena Indecisive engagement between Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes in the struggles of the Diadochi
  • 316 BC Battle of Lautulae The Romans are defeated by the Samnites.
  • 315 BC Battle of Ciuna The Romans defeated the Samnites
  • 311 BC Battle of Himera The Carthaginian general Hamilcar defeats the tyrant Agathocles of Syracuse, which is then besieged.
  • 310 BC Battle of Lake Vadimo The Romans defeat the Etruscans.
  • 308 BC Battle of Salamis Demetrius I Poliorcetes defeats the fleet of Menelaeus, brother of Ptolemy I
  • 305 BC Battle of Bovianum The Roman consuls M. Fulvius and L. Postumius decisiviely defeat the Samnites to end the Second Samnite War.
  • 301 BC Battle of Ipsus Antigonus Monophthalmus is defeated and killed by Seleucus and Lysimachus

Third Century before the Common Era

  • 298 BC Battle of Camerinum - The Samnites defeat the Romans under Lucius Cornelius Scipio in the first battle of the Third Samnite War.
  • 295 BC Battle of Sentinum - The Romans under Fabius Rullianus and Publius Decimus Mus defeat the Samnites and their Etruscan and Gallic allies, forcing the Etruscans, Gauls, and Umbrians to make peace
  • 293 BC Battle of Aquilonia - The Romans decisively defeat the Samnites.
  • 285 BC Battle of Arretium A Roman army under Lucius Caecilius is destroyed by the Gauls
  • 283 BC Battle of Lake Vadimo A Roman army under P. Cornelius Dolabello defeats the Etruscans and Gauls.
  • 282 BC Battle of Populonia Etruscan resistance to Roman domination of Italy is finally crushed.
  • 281 BC Battle of Corupedion - Last battle in the wars of the Diadochi. Seleucus defeats and kills Lysimachus.
  • 280 BC Battle of Heraclea First engagement of Roman and Greek armies, the latter led by Pyrrhus of Epirus, who is victorious, but at great cost.
  • 279 BC Battle of Asculum - Pyrrhus again defeats the Romans.
  • 275 BC Battle of Beneventum - Pyrrhus is finally defeated by the Romans under Marcus Curius Dentatus.
  • 262 BC Battle of Agrigentum - Carthaginian forces under Hannibal Gisco and Hanno are defeated by the Romans, giving them control of most of Sicily.
  • 260 BC -
    • Battle of Changping Army of Qin under Bai Qi routed army of Zhao and massacred 500,000 prisoners of war. Military superiority of Qin over all other states of China. Unification became a matter of time.
    • Battle of the Lipara Islands - A Roman naval force is defeated by the Carthaginians
    • Battle of Mylae - A Roman naval force under C. Duillius defeats the Carthaginian fleet, giving Rome control of the western Mediterranean.
  • 258 BC Battle of Cos Naval victory of Antiochus II Theos over Ptolemy II
  • 256 BC -
    • Battle of Cape Ecnomus A Carthaginian fleet under Hamilcar and Hanno is defeated in an attempt to stop a Roman invasion of Africa by Marcus Atilius Regulus.
    • Battle of Adys The Romans under Regulus defeat the Carthaginians in North Africa
  • 255 BC Battle of Tunes The Carthaginians under Xanthippus, a Greek mercenary, defeat the Romans under Regulus, who is captured.
  • 251 BC Battle of Panormus - Carthaginian forces under Hasdrubal are defeated by the Romans under L. Caecilius Metellus.
  • 249 BC Battle of Drepana - Carthaginians under Adherbal defeat the fleet of Roman admiral Claudius Pulcher.
  • 242 BC Battle of the Aegates Islands Roman sea victory over the Carthaginians, ending the First Punic War
  • 238 BC Battle of Utica Rebellious Carthaginian mercenaries are defeated by the loyal troops of Hamilcar Barca
  • 225 BC Battle of Faesulae The Romans are defeated by the Gauls of Northern Italy.
  • 224 BC Battle of Telamon The Romans under Aemilius Papus and Caius Atilius Regulus defeat the Gauls.
  • 222 BC -
  • 218 BC -
  • 217 BC -
  • 216 BC -
  • 215 BC Second Battle of Nola Marcellus again repulses an attack by Hannibal.
  • 214 BC Third Battle of Nola Marcellus fights an inconclusive battle with Hannibal.
  • 212 BC -
    • First Battle of Capua Hannibal defeats the consuls Q. Fulvius Flaccus and Appius Claudius, but the Roman army escapes
    • Battle of the Silarus Hannibal destroys the army of the Roman praetor M. Centenius Penula.
    • Battle of Herdonia Hannibal destroys the Roman army of the praetor Gnaeus Fulvius.
  • 211 BC -
    • Battle of the Upper Baetis Publius and Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio are killed in battle with the Carthaginians under Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal
    • Second Battle of Capua Hannibal is unable to break the Roman siege of the city.
  • 210 BC -
    • Second Battle of Herdoinia Hannibal destroys the Roman army of Fulvius Centumalus, who is killed
    • Battle of Numistro Hannibal defeats Marcellus once more
  • 209 BC -
    • Battle of the Arius Antiochus III defeats the Parthians
    • Battle of Asculum Hannibal once again defeats Marcellus, in an indecisive battle
  • 208 BC Battle of Baecula The Romans in Spain under P. Cornelius Scipio the Younger defeat Hasdrubal Barca
  • 207 BC -
    • Battle of Grumentum The Roman general Gaius Claudius Nero fights an indecisive battle with Hannibal, then escapes north to confront Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal, who has invaded Italy
    • Battle of the Metaurus - Hasdrubal is defeated and killed by Nero's Roman army.
    • Battle of Mantinea Philopoemen of the Achaean League defeats the Spartans under Machanidas, who is killed
  • 206 BC Battle of Ilipa Scipio again decisively defeats the remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain.
  • 204 BC Battle of Crotona Hannibal fights a drawn battle against the Roman general Sempronius in Southern Italy.
  • 203 BC Battle of Bagbrades The Romans under Scipio defeat the Carthaginian army of Hasdrubal Gisco and Syphax. Hannibal is sent to return to Africa.
  • 202 BC October 19 Battle of Zama - Scipio Africanus Major decisively defeats Hannibal in North Africa, ending the Second Punic War
  • 201 BC Battle of Chios Philip V of Macedon is defeated at sea by the Egyptians, Rhodians, and Pergamese
  • 200 BC Battle of Cremona Roman forces defeat the Gauls of Cisalpine Gaul

Second Century before the Common Era

First Century before the Common Era

  • 89 BC -
    • Battle of Fucine Lake Roman forces under Lucius Porcius Cato are defeated by the Italian rebels in the Social War
    • Battle of Asculum The Roman army of C. Pompeius Strabo decisively defeats the rebels in the Social War.
  • 86 BC Battle of Chaeronea The Roman forces of Lucius Cornelius Sulla defeat the Pontic forces of Archelaus in the First Mithridatic War
  • 85 BC Battle of Orchomenus Sulla again defeats Archelaus in the decisive battle of the First Mithridatic War.
  • 83 BC Battle of Mount Tifata Sulla defeats the popular forces of Caius Norbanus in the First Roman Civil War.
  • 82 BC Battle of Colline Gate Sulla defeats Samnites allied to the popular party in Rome in the decisive battle of the Civil War.
  • 80 BC Battle of the Baetis River Rebel forces under Quintus Sertorius defeat the legal Roman forces of Lucius Fulfidias in Spain.
  • 74 BC Battle of Cyzicus Roman forces under Lucius Lucullus defeat the forces of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 72 BC Battle of Cabira Lucullus again defeats Mithridates, overrunning Pontus
  • 69 BC Battle of Tigranocerta Lucullus defeats the army of Tigranes I of Armenia, who was harboring his father-in-law Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 68 BC Battle of Artaxata Lucullus again defeats Tigranes.
  • 66 BC Battle of the Lycus Pompey the Great decisively defeats Mithridates VI, effectively ending the Third Mithridatic War
  • 62 BC January Battle of Pistoria The forces of the conspirator Catiline are defeated by the loyal Roman armies under Gaius Antonius.
  • 58 BC -
    • June Battle of the Arar (Saone) Caesar defeats the migrating Helvetians
    • July Battle of Bibracte Caesar again defeats the Helvetians, this time decisively.
    • September Caesar decisively defeats the forces of the Germanic chieftain Ariovistus near modern Belfort
  • 57 BC -
    • Battle of the Axona (Aisne) Caesar defeats the forces of the Belgae under King Galba of Suessiones.
    • Battle of the Sabis (Sambre) Caesar defeats the Nervii.
  • 53 BC Battle of Carrhae The Roman Triumvir Crassus is defeated and killed by the Parthians
  • 52 BC Battle of Alesia Caesar defeats the Gallic rebel Vercingetorix, completing the Roman conquest of Transalpine Gaul.
  • 49 BC August 24 Battle of the Bagradas River Caesar's general Gaius Curio is defeated in North Africa by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide.
  • 48 BC -
  • 47 BC -
    • February Battle of the Nile Caesar defeats the forces of the Egyptian king Ptolemy XIII

    • May Battle of Zela Caesar defeats Pharnaces II of Pontus. This is the battle where he famously said Veni, vidi, vici. (I came, I saw, I conquered.)
  • 46 BC February Battle of Thapsus Caesar defeats the Pompeian army of Metellus Scipio in North Africa.
  • 45 BC March 17 Battle of Munda In his last victory, Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompey the Younger in Spain. Labienus is killed in the battle and the Younger Pompey captured and executed.
  • 43 BC -
    • April 14 Battle of Forum Gallorum Antony, besieging Caesar's assassin Decimus Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed, but is then immediately defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius
    • April 21 Battle of Mutina Antony is again defeated in battle by Hirtius, who is killed. Although Antony fails to capture Mutina, Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly thereafter.
  • 42 BC -
    • October 3 First Battle of Philippi The Triumvirs Marc Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Marcus Brutus and Cassius. Although Brutus defeats Octavian, Antony defeats Cassius, who commits suicide.
    • October 23 Second Battle of Philippi Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Antony and Octavian. Brutus escapes, but commits suicide soon after.
  • 41 BC Battle of Perugia Marc Antony's brother Lucius Antonius and his wife Fulvia are defeated by Octavian.
  • 36 BC Battle of Naulochus Octavian's fleet, under the command of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa defeats the forces of the rebel Pompey.
  • 31 BC September 2 Battle of Actium Octavian decisively defeats Antony and Cleopatra in a naval battle near Greece
  • 11 BC Battle of the Lupia River Roman forces under Augustus's stepson Drusus win a victory in Germany.

First Century

Second Century

Third Century

Fourth Century

Fifth Century

Sixth Century